They accused Beijing of using the alleged incident as a "political advertisement".
The American ambassador in Hankow replied that although he supported Rabe's proposal for a ceasefire, Chiang did not.
Strategy for the defense of Nanjing In a press release to foreign reporters, announced the city would not surrender and would fight to the death.
Eyewitnesses to Massacre, An East Gate Book, 2001 includes documentation of American missionaries M.
Yoshida contended that over time the event has acquired different meanings to different people.
Many Japanese prime ministers have visited the , a shrine for Japanese war deaths up until the end of the Second World War, which includes war criminals that were involved in the Nanjing Massacre.