As Hsinking's city orientation was the administrative center and military commanding center, land for military use exceeded the originally planned figure of 9 percent, while only light manufacturing including packing industry, cigarette industry and paper-making had been developed during this period.
Retrieved 20 September 2017.
In particular, high-tech and high value added projects account for over 80 percent of total output.
Retrieved 28 January 2013.
An epidemic of pneumonic plague occurred in surrounding Manchuria from 1910 to 1911, known as the.
The total area of Changchun municipality is 20,571 km 2 7,943 sq mi , including metro areas of 2,583 square kilometres 997 sq mi , and a city proper area of 159 km 2 61 sq mi.