In the military, officers would assault and beat men under their command, who would pass the beating all the way down on to the lowest ranks.
Some point to an act by , who at a monument to the Jewish victims of the , in 1970, as an example of a powerful and effective act of apology and reconciliation similar to dogeza.
In the Japanese media, the opinions of the political center and left tend to dominate the editorials of newspapers, while the right tend to dominate magazines.
An estimated 132 Allied airmen shot down during the in 1944—1945 were after short kangaroo trials or.
War crimes also included deliberate attacks on and of as they fall under the category of non-combatants, as at the.
Retrieved 9 April 2015.